Unmanned Aerial Vehicles are battery operated flying drones which are undoubtedly gaining excessive popularity these days. These flying vehicles were originally thought to be used for military purposes but the evolution of these gadgets and the lowering of prices have marked them as a prevalent area of interest for people. Each sector is keen to use drones for their purposes. Drone Usage is not just restricted to military but also commercial and recreational purposes. According to the reports, the drone statistics is estimated to rise to more than $4 billion by 2020.
The importance of these vehicles can be clearly judged by the innovative uses being introduced for drones. Manufacturers are constantly trying to make these more user-friendly and affordable to the enthusiasts and interested candidates. This is where the need to get aware about flying drones arises.
How to fly a drone is a question this article is capable of satisfying.
We have tried to gather all sorts of possible information for flying drones. This guide is capable of making the experience much more simplified for the drone lovers. Read the guide below, get what is needed before flying and feel the experience of flying a drone.
1. Drone Terminology
The procedure of any task begins with knowing the basics of it. The fundamental concepts of drones include a number of terms and definitions which are a must to know about. These definitions about drones will certainly guide you, to begin with flying drones. It looks great to visualize a flying drone with its control in your hands but it is definitely not that easy. Flying drones can be bit challenging if an amateur tries it. So here we are with the basic terminology related to drones.
1. First Person View (FPV)
FPV also called first person view refers to the concept where a pilot can see the flying drone through a UAV’s camera. This feature is not available in every drone. FPV is a very helpful article which simplifies the performance of a flying drone.
2. Line of Sight
This states the visibility for the area where a pilot can see their flying drone. Each drone has a flying range. There is a restricted area where a drone can fly and that particular area is the line of sight for a flying drone.
3. Remote Controller
A Remote Controller also called a Transmitter is a device which is held in the hand and it lets you operate your flying drone from the ground itself. An RC permits the maneuvering of your flying drone. A transmitter might also have a screen to display a number of factors like the battery status, altitude, range etc. It may also be developed to show the live footage of the hovering of flying drone.
These are the parts which are responsible for spinning so as to lend motion to the flying drone. These are kind of wings which are controlled by a controller and which allow movement of the drone. A pilot may also adjust the settings of propellers to modify the gesture of flying drones.spinning so as to lend motion to the flying drone. These are kind of wings which are controlled by a controller and which allow movement of the drone. A pilot may also adjust the settings of propellers to modify the gesture of flying drones.
This is a highly sought-after aspect in a drone. A Drone Camera is a way to perform aerial photography. It lets the user capture aerial photos and videos. The camera quality depends on the range of the drone. A flying drone is able to mesmerize with its aerial photography skills. The camera, however, is not always available with the drone. The integration of a camera to flying drones makes them far more wonderful. You must check out the best Camera Drones Available!
This includes certain specific and extraordinary movements of the flying drones. Terms like Bank turn, hovering and figure 8 fall under this category. Bank Turn explains the constant roll in either of the directions. Hovering refers to staying stable in the air space. This is done by controlling the throttle and this needs stability and steadiness. Figure 8 is the act of making your flying drone in the figure 8 pattern.
7. Flight Modes
Flight modes are the distinct patterns of flying drones. These can be opted and controlled by the hand-held transmitter. It includes Manual, Attitude and GPS hold. Attitude is also known as the auto-level. The sticks of the remote control are centered on persuading the flying copter to level by itself. GPS hold performs the same function as the attitude but it employs GPS for the operation.
This term refers to the motion of the drone on one of the sides either right or left. This is done by increasing the speed of rotors on one side and diminishing the speed on another side. A flying drone is pushed the left or right to roll it on either of the directions.
The too and fro movement of a flying drone is called pitch. The drone is pushed in either direction to make it tilt and further grant the backward and forward movement to the flying drone.
This states the clockwise and opposite rotation of the flying drone. The 360-degree e-version, flips, and rolls are all explained under yaw. The controller, when moved to the right, gives a clockwise rotation and same with the opposite side. This function might seem easy but is a bit challenging while flight. Certain small sized nano drones are able to give swift and faster yaw than other drones.
The throttle is the excessively used control to grant flight to a drone. It is accountable to transmit strength to the propellers and command them to spin. The spinning of the drones lifts the drone of the ground. Understanding the functioning the familiarizing with throttle is essential to operate a flying drone.
The remote control of flying drones has certain buttons which allow the pilot to throttle, pitch, roll, yaw and several other acrobatic movements. These buttons on the transmitter are collectively called as trim.
This term shares the monitoring of yaw. It is somehow similar to the left stick which controls and allows the flips and rolls of the flying drone.
It is somehow related to controlling the left and right movements of the flying drones. The left and right movements of the drones can also be termed as Aileron.
This is same as the right stick. It is responsible for the backward and forward movements of the drones. This term relates to the to and fro motion of the flying drones.
2. Know About Drone and Transmitter
It is often suggested to get acquainted with the machine you are working with. This is because it simplifies the operations to be performed. Further, it also allows solving issues if any. Optimum utilization of a gadget can only be brought if you are familiar with the thing you are dealing with.
Here, we present you a brief about various parts of the Drones.
The structure of a drone is a frame which connects all the other parts and components. It is a platform to facilitate the arrangement of several other constituents. It is mostly in the shape of x or + so as to keep it according to the aerodynamics. The size and weight of this frame affect the functioning of a flying drone.
The motor o a drone is a part accountable to make the propellers spin and let the drone fly. A Quadcopter has 4 motors. This is because each propeller is commanded by a single motor. It is to be noted that higher the RPM per volt of the motor, higher is the speed of spinning of the propellers.
3. ESC or Electronic Speed Control
Electronic Speed Control also termed as ESC is the wired framework. This connects the battery to the motor and further carries the instructions from motors to propellers to make them spin. The motion and speed of the propellers have to vary at times so as to allow a variety of maneuvers. This is made possible due to the ESC integrated with the flying drone. One another component that controls the speed of the propellers is the Flight Control Board (FCB). It is held responsible for controlling the acceleration and the gyroscope which ultimately commands the operations of the flying drone.
Drone Propellers, as explained above, are the wing like structure which guides the direction of the flying drone. It spins to lift the drone and further functions to render yaw, pitch, and roll to the flying drone.
5. Battery and Charger
The source of power to a drone is the battery. A drone definition explains it to be a battery-operated gadget. This battery can be of different statistics which provides the variation in the flight time of the drones. A battery associated to a drone is a rechargeable battery which can be charged when discharged using a charger.
2.2 Remote Control
A remote control is a radio transmitter which performs the functions of transmitting and receiving signals. It is a hand-held device that controls a flying drone. It looks after the drone-fly, guides its speeds and directions and instructs the flying drone about what it has to do.
1. Right Stick:
The right stick of a remote control and commands the roll and pitch. This refers to the backward and forward, left and right motions of a flying drone.
2. Left Stick
The left stick of a drone refers to the yaw and throttle. This explains the rolls and flips of the flying drones. The clockwise and opposite movements of the drones are guided by the left stick of the drone. It is also responsible for adjusting the height of flight if the drone.
3. Trim Button
A trim button is integrated with all controls of a remote control. This is because the controls can be unbalanced at times and thus needs to be trimmed. This is done using the trim button.
The antenna of a remote control is the receiver of the transmission. This is responsible for receiving the transmissions so sent and further act accordingly.
5. Take Off
The initial stage of flying drones is the take-off. It is a very important step which must be mastered. In order to take-off, a pilot has to use throttle which gives power to the propellers. Place your drone on a flat surface in an open area to begin with. Begin with using the throttle slowly.
A pilot must aim to at least lift the drone a few inches at this stage. A pilot needs to be familiar and comfortable with the sensitivity of the throttle to gain expertise in take-off. A pilot must not use the right stick to adjust the drone if it starts to drift; rather it is advised to stop and restart the process.
6. Hover and Land
Hovering is the act of staying still in the air. This might cause a little trouble at the beginner’s level but the task can be successfully conquered with constant practice. It is to be made sure that the drone is at least 24 inches above the ground level. Use throttle to lift it up and further use the right joystick to adjust the position of the drone at the spot itself.
Try to maintain the steady hovering for a minimum of 10-12 seconds. Further when about to land, use the throttle to land slowly. The throttle lifts the drone and the right is used to make adjustments. Repeat this exercise to learn a decent hovering skill.
This process must be learnt after being comfortable with take-off and hover. Manoeuvres include flying the drone backward, forward and sideways. Use the right joystick to move forward and backward. When you are done with these movements, use the same stick to move left and right. Stay around the hovering position and maintain a reasonable distance from the ground.
3. Do’s of Flying Drones
1. Beware of Wind:
Each aerodynamic structure needs the support of the wind for operating. The wind plays a very crucial role in the flight of a drone too. The wind speed of about 10 – 20+ mile per hour and more are not favorable to fly drones. However, there are few drones which can adjust the motor speed according to the wind speed to grant compatibility. The flight mode of a drone must be outdoor and not indoor to serve more reliability.
2. GPS is a Saviour:
The availability of GPS in the drone is no less than a boon to the pilots, especially the drone beginners. GPS enables the user to rely on it for flying the drone safely. It lets the beginners hold when in trouble and also helpful to track the location of the drone to guard the drone-fly throughout.
3. Learn the Basics first:
A beginner is always advised to stick to basics and avoid trying the expert tricks. A drone pilot must first be a pro in handling the fundamental controls including the backward, forward, left and right movements. He can further switch to acrobatics once he gets expertise in the basic flying. A beginner is suggested to keep the controls as simple as possible.
4. Hovering is the Key:
Hover undoubtedly needs steadiness and stability and this ultimately enables the pilot to have overall command over the controls of a drone. Hovering is as useful as flying and this must be learnt well at the beginner’s stage.
5. Pre-Flight Checklist:
A beginner is suggested to verify a list of items and issues before flying a drone. There are multiple such things which can further cause trouble if not looked before the flight. The checklist assures that your drone-fly span will not be hampered by any issue.
- Micro SD card
- Charged Battery
- Secured Propeller
- Completely Assembled Quadcopter
- Throttle must be down
- Maintain a safe distance from the drone before flight
6. Techniques for Beginners
- Command the drone to hover at one place.
- Control to rotate the Quadcopter at different angle along with hovering.
- Begin with flying the Quadcopter backward and forward. Further, try left and right movements. Avoid the movement towards you.
- Try to execute flying drone in distinct patterns including square and circle that too at different altitudes.
- Assign two close destinations on the ground and practice flying drone on these specified targets.
4. Don’ts of Flying Drones
1. Avoid Manual Mode:
A beginner must adopt a manual mode of flying drones only if he is confident about the control. Also, a pilot must learn to fly at low altitudes initially before reaching height.
2. Distractions are Dangerous:
A beginner might be distracted by a variety of events which can at times hamper the flight and lead to a collision. It is suggested to avoid any kinds of distractions before starting a drone fly.
3. No Flying at Night:
A pilot when is learning stage must avoid flying drones at night. He must always choose bright day time to practice the beginner’s level.
4. Ignore flying at Crowded Places:
This is a safety guideline provided by renowned platforms. Certain regulations also restrict you to fly near crowded places.
Recent surveys and statistics display the popularity and craze-building capacity of drones. It is evident that drone enthusiasts have been increasing in numbers. The passion for drones is giving birth to drones pilots each day and these pilots can never reach to expert level at once.
Each individual has to go through to beginner’s stage for drone flying. Our team has come up with this answer to the question-‘How to fly a drone’. This drone flying guide is a stepwise explanation to the procedure of flying drones. A drone pilot must make sure to follow certain things at the initial stage so that he gets to pro level and drone flying stays no longer a challenge.
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